Cannabidiol, which is popularly referred to as CBD, is one among many components of the cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa). The primary psychoactive component in the cannabis plant is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which causes one to feel high after injection.
However, CBD is a non-psychoactive component which makes it suitable for providing relief from different ailments without causing any psychological changes in your mood or altering your state of mind.
CBD oil is fast becoming popular in its use as a treatment option for different health conditions.
Scientific studies have shown that CBD oil may be useful in treating chronic pain. According to research, CBD oil also helps to reduce substance addiction and promotes a stronger immune system.
Recent research shows that CBD oil may be useful in the treatment of cancer-related symptoms. It is indeed a powerful substance with little or no side effects.
Let us take you into the world of cannabidiol and see what CBD really entails. We shall discuss extensively on the health benefits of CBD oil. We shall also take a look at the working principle of this powerful non-psychoactive compound, which offers numerous health benefits to you.
What is Cannabidiol (CBD)?
Cannabis Sativa is a plant which is made up of different chemical compounds. However, the two primary compounds found in the cannabis plant are
Terpenes are aromatic compounds in the cannabis plant. They are also found in other plants and are very potent with tremendous therapeutic benefits.
Cannabinoids are only found in the cannabis Sativa plant and are very useful in interacting with your body's endocannabinoid system.
Our primary focus is on cannabinoids. Now that you are aware of the class of compound that the cannabidiol belongs to and the type of plant in which it is found, let us then broaden your scope on what CBD oil truly is.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD oil, like we earlier stated, is a term that describes phytocannabinoid-rich oil, which are extracts from hemp. CBD oil extracts undergo processing, and it is used in manufacturing several types of products such as tinctures, balms, capsules, etc. Tinctures and CBD oils are often interchangeably used because tinctures constitute a significant product made from CBD oil extract.
CBD oils may come in a full spectrum when there is a mirror resemblance in property and composition between the CBD extracts and the parent plant content. Full-spectrum CBD oil extracts may undergo further processing to remove certain unwanted compounds. CBD oils extracts are processed to remove THC, which leaves only CBD as the active compound. There is, however, a different type of CBD oil extract, depending on the desired active ingredient(s). A pure CBD oil extract containing only the CBD molecule is referred to as CBD isolate.
Is CBD the same as marijuana?
Many people often confuse CBD with Indian hemp. Still, recent researches have shown that delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, is the primary compound that was known as a component in cannabis. THC is the most active ingredient in marijuana.
However, marijuana contains both CBD and THC, but both of them have different effects when ingested.
THC provides a feeling of "highness" when ingested either through smoking or when used as a cooking ingredient. Its psychoactive property stems from the fact that THC is completely broken down when the heat is applied, and it is introduced into the body.
However, unlike THC, CBD does not produce any psychoactive effect when taken into the body. It does not alter your consciousness after use. CBD is said to be highly medicinal and provides several health benefits when taken.
What’s the Source of CBD Oil?
There are over 100 different cannabinoid compounds that may be found in the cannabis plant. Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of those compounds, which is one of the contents of the cannabis plant's oily resin. The oily resin is sticky and forms as clusters located on the flowers of the cannabis plant, which are also known as buds. The buds are also covered by minuscule trichomes, which are shaped like mushrooms.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD are significant components of the trichomes, which are specialized structures containing oily medicinal compounds.
A few questions have been asked, like “what is the importance of the cannabis plant resin?” and “Why does the plant produce fatty compounds?”
Well, before answering these questions, it is essential to note that the primary function of the cannabis plant oil resin is to serve as protection from ultraviolet radiation and heat. Furthermore, the oil resin poses antibacterial, antifungal as well as insecticidal properties to ward off predators.
Also, the oily resin, which is sticky, serves as a defensive mechanism for the plant by trapping bugs.
Undoubtedly, the cannabis plant oily resin is of utmost importance to the plant. The oily resin is also known to provide a lot of health benefits to humans. It is said to contribute to the sustenance and improvement of your health. CBD, which is a component of cannabis oily resin, has been used in the treatment and management of different disease symptoms.
How does CBD oil work?
CBD attaches itself to the specific receptors in your body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The endocannabinoid system is a complex biological system that is responsible for regulating and controlling certain functions of the body, such as sleep, mood, memory, and other metabolic processes such as energy balance.
It is believed that CBD oils may help to improve different health conditions. Research findings have revealed that the deregulation of the endocannabinoid system may be responsible for several health issues.
The endocannabinoid system, which is mostly unknown by most people outside the medical sphere, was discovered through a series of researches conducted to determine the effect of cannabis on the body. The name “endocannabinoid system” was, therefore, coined out from the study done on marijuana and its impact on the body.
The endocannabinoid system comprises endocannabinoids and receptors, which are found at different locations in the body, including the brain, organs, immune system, and glands. The ECS reacts differently in different parts of the body.
The primary function of the system is to aid homeostasis and promote internal balance. The endocannabinoid’s receptors located in the brain are responsible for coordination, control, pain, movement, thinking, emotions, appetite, memories, mood, and other functions.
The receptors located in the immune system regulate inflammation and pain.
CBD acts as external stimulants, which have a positive and potent effect on your body's endocannabinoid system.
Resinous Trichomes are the site for CBD oil extraction in cannabis plants. However, there are several variants or strains of CBD oil that may be gotten from the resinous trichomes. The variety of cannabis is a determinant factor to determine the amount of CBD contained in the trichomes.
There are fewer trichomes in industrial hemp with low resin with dry THC below 0.3% by weight. Low resin cannabis strains produce fewer cannabis oils than high resin cannabis oils.
It is important to note that high resin cannabis variants contain higher THC than CBD. It is, therefore, necessary to know the right type of cannabis resin and variant that will give you a high percentage of CBD oil extract.
Unregulated CBD Oil Products
For the records, CBD oil and hemp oil is not the same product. There is fake CBD oil produced in the market, and some company's mix CBD isolate with hemp seed oil and sell as pure CBD oil.
This is pure adulteration because these products do not possess the complete properties of a full spectrum of CBD oil. Such products offer fewer benefits compared to a full spectrum of CBD oil.
Hence, it is better that you purchase CBD oil from licensed and accredited dispensaries in states where cannabis is legalized for personal or therapeutic use.
States that legalized the use of cannabis do have safety regulations and standard for the production of CBD oil products than states which have not authorized the use of marijuana.
Therefore, you should read the manufacturing ingredients before purchasing CBD oil products. You may choose to check for laboratory test evidence or CBD concentration verification when purchasing a CBD supplement or remedy.
Health Benefits of CBD Oil
CBD oil offers many health benefits which are discussed below:
CBD Oil helps to relieve pain
Dating back to 2900 B.C, marijuana has been used for the treatment of pain. With further studies and research, scientists were able to discover the active component in marijuana, which is responsible for providing relief from pain.
It was discovered that CBD was responsible for the pain relief experienced after the use of marijuana.
Your body has a specialized system called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is responsible for the regulation of several functions such as appetite, sleep immune system response, and pain.
Endocannabinoids, which are produced by the body, serve as neurotransmitters to hold cannabinoid receptors together in your nervous system.
Research has shown that chronic pain may be reduced by using CBD. It has a positive impact on endocannabinoid receptor activity and helps to interact with neurotransmitters, which reduces inflammation.
A study carried out in rats showed that response to surgical incision was less painful when the rats were injected with CBD. Another research conducted using rats as a case study also showed a significant reduction in inflammation and sciatic nerve pain.
Furthermore, recent studies show that pain developed from arthritis, and multiple sclerosis may be reduced effectively when THC and CBD are combined as treatment options.
You may make use of Sativex (an oral spray containing both THC and CBD) to treat chronic pain associated with multiple sclerosis.
A study of 47 people with cases of multiple sclerosis shows that pain and muscle spasms were reduced after using Sativex for one month.
CBD may help to Reduce Depression and Anxiety
Depression and anxiety may have negative impacts on your health if not well treated. Depression is regarded as the largest contributing factor to a disability, while anxiety is ranked sixth in the disability index, according to the World Health Organization.
That said, the use of pharmaceutical drugs for the treatment of depression and anxiety may come with side effects such as agitation, drowsiness, headache, sexual dysfunction, and insomnia.
Also, the use of benzodiazepines as pain medication may be addictive and could result in substance abuse.
CBD oil, however, has shown significant promise in treating anxiety and depression. This has led to a growing interest in the use of CBD as a treatment option for depression and anxiety.
In a survey carried out on 57 men in Brazil, the men were given oral placebo or CBD 90 minutes to a public speaking test in a simulated environment. The researchers revealed that the most negative effect in anxiety reduction was noticed when the men were dosed with 300mg of CBD.
CBD oil has also been used in the treatment of anxiety and insomnia in children who have post-traumatic stress disorder.
Besides, the effect felt by the use of CBD may be likened to the same effect when an antidepressant is used in treating anxiety. CBD binds to serotonin receptors from the brain (which helps to regulate social behavior and mood).
CBD may be used to Alleviate Symptoms of cancer
The use of CBD oil may alleviate Cancer-related symptoms such as vomiting, pain, and nausea.
A study examined the effects of THC and CBD in 177 people suffering from cancer-related pain. It was revealed that those treated with THC experienced no relief from the pain; both those treated with oil extracts from both THC and CBD components witnessed a significant reduction in pain.
Vomiting and nausea associated with chemotherapy may be reduced by taking CBD as a pain-relieving medication.
Though there are existing medications that may help in relieving cancer-related symptoms, they may come with side effects and may even be ineffective sometimes.
Another study carried out on 16 people who were undergoing chemotherapy, revealed that combining THC and CBD as a form of treatment through mouth spray reduced nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy much better than when they were used individually.
Studies on specific test tube animals showed that CBD might indeed possess anticancerous property. A test-tube particular survey further revealed that CBD initiates the death of cancerous breast cancer cells. However, more research is still to be carried out to determine the effectiveness of CBD in treating cancer symptoms.
CBD Oil may help treat Migraines
Migraine is a debilitating headache that affects about 38 million people in the United States. Different pharmaceutical medications are often used to treat chronic or cute migraines, but CBD oil may give a better result with reduced side effects.
More so, CBD oil helps to reduce the pain that can trigger migraines in people who are susceptible to this condition. However, pure CBD oil can be used to alleviate other medical conditions that trigger the development of migraines in some patients.
CBD oil May help Reduce acne
About 9% of the population are said to suffer acne, a condition of the skin that may be caused by bacteria, genetics, inflammation, etc. Acne is also said to be caused by over secretion of the sebum which is an oily secretion produced in the sebaceous gland.
According to recent studies, CBD oil helps in the treatment of acne by reducing the production of sebum. CBD also has a high anti-inflammatory property that makes it suitable for use as a treatment method for acne.
CBD oil helps prevent the sebaceous gland from over secreting sebum.
It may be safe to conclude that CBD oil may be beneficial in treating acne due to its anti-inflammatory teñdency. As promising as these findings may be, more research needs to be conducted in humans to determine the overall effectiveness of CBD oil in the treatment of acne.
CBD oil May Have Neuroprotective Properties
People suffering from neurological disorders may have a reprieve because research findings suggest that CBD oil may have an impact on your brain signaling system as well as your endocannabinoid system.
Treatment of neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis and epilepsy with the use of CBD oil is the most studied in terms of CBD health benefits.
Since studies on this topic are entirely new, the findings have so far been promising, and the results have also been remarkable.
The use of mouth spray (Sativex), which is said to contain both THC and CBD, may be very useful in treating patients with multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. It may also be instrumental in treating muscle spasticity, especially in patients whose cases may have shown resistance to other forms of medication.
A study showed that the use of Sativex remarkably reduced muscle spasms in 75% of 276 people with medical sclerosis who made use of the treatment.
A dosage of 0.9-2.3g of CBD per pound was administered to 214 people in another study, and the findings revealed that their seizures were reduced by 36.5%
CBD oil may be helpful for children with Davet syndrome (a complex childhood epileptic disorder). Medical conditions associated with Daviet syndrome, such as seizure activity is reduced by regular intake of CBD oil.
You may want to note that some persons in the study conducted, reacted to the use of CBD oil treatment by experiencing fatigue, convulsions, and fever.
Researches are still ongoing in the use of CBD oil for the treatment of other neurological disorders.
An example of such research is the study conducted to determine the influence of the overall health condition and its effect on promoting quality sleep for patients with Parkinson's disease.
Additionally, research carried out on test tube animals suggested that CBD oil may be useful in the treatment of Alzheimer’s-related symptoms by increasing inflammation and preventing cases of neurodegeneration, which may be associated with Alzheimer's.
A long-term study was carried out in which CBD treatment was administered to mice already predisposed to Alzheimer's disease. The findings revealed that there was a reduction in cognitive Alzheimer's disease, which may suggest that CBD oil may help treat Alzheimer's disease in humans.
The use of CBD may prevent the condition of social recognition deficits in patients. In a suggested study published by the Journal of Alzheimer's disease, it was revealed that CBD might be useful in helping people with early stages of Alzheimer's disease to help regain their memory.
CBD may help Alzheimer's with the ability to recognize known faces and reduce the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.
CBD oil may benefit the Heart
CBD oil has been linked with providing health benefits to the heart and the circulatory system by reducing high blood pressure.
Metabolic syndrome and other heart conditions such as heart attack and stroke are linked to high blood pressure. High blood pressure leads to a higher risk of developing heart-related issues.
A 600mg dose of CBD oil was administered to 10 healthy men and was found to reduce resting blood pressure. When these men were predisposed to stress, they showed only little increase in blood pressure when compared with a situation where they had not been given prior treatment with CBD oil. The conclusion of the findings indicates that CBD oil may be beneficial in reducing blood pressure.
According to researchers, the ability of CBD oil to lower blood pressure may be attributed to its anxiety-reducing and antidepressant property.
Additionally, CBD is known to contain stress-reducing anti-oxidant property, which may help reduce cell death and inflammation relating to heart diseases.
It may also be associated with reducing oxidative stress and may help prevent damage to the heart in diabetic cases.
CBD oil may be used in preventing and reducing seizures
CBD oil has undergone a series of research and testing to ascertain it's efficacy in treating epilepsy. Researchers may have been able to link CBD with a possible treatment option for seizures, especially in epileptic patients.
According to a recent publication by the American Epileptic Society, the use of cannabidiol may be an effective treatment for people with epileptic disorders. However, more research is still ongoing to determine its safety as a viable treatment option for seizures.
A 2016 study was carried out to test the effectiveness of CBD on 214 persons who have epilepsy. The participants were orally given 2-5mg of CBD daily, which was added to their epilepsy medication.
They were closely monitored for 12 weeks. At the end of the study, it was observed that 36.5% of the participants had frequency seizures.
The Federal Drug Agency (FDA), after conducting extensive research on the effectiveness of CBD in treating seizures, approved the manufacture of a purified form of CBD. The agency approved the use of cannabidiol in treating two severe cases of epilepsy in patients from two years old and above.
Other research findings suggested that CBD may be used in treating epilepsy complications such as neuronal injury, psychiatric diseases, and neurodegeneration,
CBD oil helps to Fight against Multi-Drug Resistant Bacteria
The use of CBD oil may destroy drug-resistant bacteria. CBD oil can prevent these bacteria from multiplying and slowing your recovery process. However, research is still ongoing to explain why and how CBD can destroy drug-resistant strains bacteria.
Additionally, a study carried out in 2011 revealed that tuberculosis progression in rats was drastically reduced by injecting them with CBD.
However, researchers believe that CBD can inhibit the growth of multidrug bacteria by inhibiting the proliferation of T-cell instead of showing antibacterial properties.
No matter what may be the mechanism responsible for the destruction of drug-resistant bacteria, one thing is sure; CBD has proven to be reliable. It may even be a viable option in dealing with superbugs (new antibiotic-resistant bacteria).
CBD oil helps in the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes
CBD has once again proven to be a reliable substance in ensuring that your body is in a general state of wellness. When the immune system is defective, it may attack the pancreatic cells, leading to Type 1 diabetes.
In a 2016 study conducted by Clinical Hemorheology, it was revealed that the use of CBD might reduce pancreatic inflammation.
In like manner, another research conducted in Lisbon, Portugal, came up with effects that the use of CBD may help prevent the progression of Type 1 diabetes.
CBD Oil helps for Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorder is one of the common conditions faced by people worldwide. In fact, up to 60 million people in the United States alone suffer from both chronic and mild cases of sleep disorder and insomnia.
Normally, if you have acute sleep issues, it would most times resolve on its own, but when you have a long-term sleep disorder can affect the quality of your life because it is quite challenging to treat.
However, CBD oil is found to be more effective than most medications for sleep difficulties (which usually comes with a host of side effects).
A study conducted in adults with insomnia shows that initial treatment with CBD oil showed a reduction in symptoms and severity of the condition after one month. However, there was fluctuation in the result over time.
CBD oil provides Several Other Potential Benefits
We have outlined several health benefits of CBD oil. As more research is being conducted, there will be a greater insight into the effectiveness and health benefits of CBD oil.
Some other potential benefits of CBD oil may include the following:
- Antipsychotic effects:
Psychotic symptoms may be reduced by using CBD oil in people suffering from different mental disorders, including schizophrenia.
- Substance abuse treatment:
Drug or substance addiction may be reduced by using CBD oil. CBD oil is said to modify brain circuits associated with substance abuse.
Studies carried out in rats showed that CBD reduced heroin seeking behavioral tendencies and morphine dependence. People with withdrawal symptoms may be able to overcome such situations by the use of CBD oil.
In a revised publication by the Journal of Substance Abuse, it was gathered that the use of CBD oil provides therapeutic benefits for people with cocaine, opioids, or other psycho-stimulant addictions.
The journal also revealed that CBD oil helps treat tobacco and cannabis addiction. Recent research has shown proof of CBD reducing the effect of THC on the mind.
In a pilot study published to analyze addictive behaviors, it was revealed that smokers who turned to CBD inhalers had a reduced urge for cigarettes. They also show fewer signs of nicotine cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
A review published by the Neurotherapeutics journal revealed that CBD oil might work to reduce symptoms with substance abuse and other related symptoms such as insomnia, pain, anxiety, and mood swings.
However, more research is ongoing to determine the effectiveness of CBD in reducing withdrawal symptoms.
What are the likely Side Effects?
CBD oil is considered safe by health practitioners. It may be well-tolerated when used. However, like any other form of medication, some persons may react to the use of CBD depending on their health state or physical condition.
The following side effects may be experienced with the use of CBD by some persons:
- Changes in appetite and weight
The use of CBD may interact with some medications. You should seek advice from your doctor before using CBD oil to avoid any potentially harmful interaction with other medications.
To ensure health safety, when taking CBD with supplements, watch out for the grapefruit warning. CBD and grapefruit interfere with CYPS (cytochromes P450), which is a group of enzymes that promotes drug metabolism.
How to Use CBD Oil
The benefits of CBD oil cannot be overstated. There has been a growing increase in the use of CBD oil to help in providing relief from several health conditions. There should be proper awareness of how CBD oil may be effectively used to achieve optimal results.
There are different ways in which CBD oil may be consumed. They include the following:
A tincture is a form of CBD oil that is ingested orally. A tincture is mostly used as food additives. They are often sold in bottles that allow for little drops of the oil to be ingested at a time. One or two drops of CBD oil may be placed beneath the tongue and left for several minutes to achieve the full effect or user experience.
Tinctures are the most common products made from CBD oil. They usually contain higher CBD concentrations than other CBD products.
CBD oils may also come in small capsules. CBD oil capsules are also ingested orally.
CBD may be manufactured in the form of vapors, which are also referred to as vape juice or vape. CBD vapor is often heated and may be inhaled with the use of an e-cigarette or vaporizer pen.
The concentrations of CBD vapor may vary. You may choose to purchase CBD vapor with higher or lower levels depending on your desired requirement or health status.
CBD topical is a product of CBD that may be used as a lotion. It is made to have the constituents of a lotion and may be applied directly to the skin.
CBD oils may be manufactured in the form of sprays, otherwise known as an oral spray. CBD oral sprays have the lowest concentration of CBD in comparison to other products made from CBD
In terms of flavors, CBD oils may come naturally (unscented), or they may come in several flavors such as vanilla, cinnamon, lavender, and peppermint.
Most CBD oils are usually manufactured and packaged in 15 mL, 30 mL, or 0.5 ounces or 1 ounce. Moreover, the concentration of CBD is far more critical than the size of the bottle.
CBD concentration may be regarded as the ratio of hemp oil solution, which is measured in milliliters to the volume of CBD cannabinoid, which is measured in milligrams.
A 15-mL bottle of CBD oil may contain a concentration of 100 mg, 300 mg, or 500 mg of the product. The strength of the CBD oil is determined by the weight of the content and not the weight of the bottle. The higher the milligrams content of the CBD oil, the stronger the concentration.
Furthermore, the milligram content of a CBD product is regarded as the strength of the CBD oil. For example, 500 mg of CBD oil would have an oil strength of 400.
However, your body weight is a determinant factor in the quantity of CBD oil to take in terms of concentration.
Another determinant factor that may influence the amount of CBD oil to be consumed is the desired effect needed. These two factors should be carefully taken into consideration before using any CBD product.
We, however, advise that you consult your doctor for the right prescription before using any CBD product so that they may determine the correct dosage and application method.
How long does it take for CBD to take effect?
People make use of CBD differently. Some may choose to ingest CBD oil with the use of a dropper bottle, while others may choose to vape it or apply it directly on the skin. The use of CBD oil is relatively new, and as such, the precise dosage is yet to be established.
It may be challenging to set a time frame for the effect of CBD to be felt immediately after use.
People show a different reaction to CBD in different ways and at a different time interval.
So far, cases of CBD overdose are yet to be recorded due to its little or no side effect in most persons.
Companies manufacturing CBD products often provide information regarding estimated dosage. Dosage information may be written on the product's instruction manual or label.
So, you should abide by the instruction given in the manual, especially if you are taking the product as a curative measure or a preventive supplement.
Like we stated earlier, people notice the effect of CBD in different ways and at different times. Some persons may experience a noticeable change in just a few seconds while there may be a delayed impact for several weeks in others.
You may consider increasing your dosage if you do not notice any change after weeks of usage, but you should consult your physician before taking this step.
That said, it is generally believed that you may get better therapeutic benefits if you take a small dose of CBD for about 3-4 times daily than taking a single and larger dose.
Furthermore, you should bear in mind that CBD oil may react with other medications like opioids and steroids. Therefore, consult your physician before choosing any alternative treatment method.
We have discussed the benefits of CBD oil extensively in treating several health conditions.
CBD oil has undergone and is still undergoing research to discover more benefits of this essential substance. It is a wonder how such a component may possess such numerous health benefits.
CBD has also been shown not to have any form of psychoactive effect, unlike THC, which may give you a feeling of hallucination. The side effects of CBD oil are minimal, but the health benefits of CBD oil are numerous.
People suffering from sleep disorders, memory loss, cancer, diabetes, and many other health conditions may experience tremendous improvement in symptoms relating to those diseases. CBD oil is truly remarkable in terms of its effectiveness in treating chronic pain associated with severe health conditions.
CBD oil has been researched by scientists and health professionals and is safe to use. Evidence has shown that CBD may be useful in treating substance addiction and other cancerous symptoms.
The use of CBD oil may improve several skin conditions, heart-related diseases, and other severe health conditions.
Studies on CBD oil should be carried out continuously to discover more health benefits of the substance.
Do not use CBD oil indiscriminately. No matter the health benefits it offers, you should not abuse its usage.
You may take CBD either as capsules, vapors, tinctures, sprays or even as lotions to be applied on your skin.
We, however, emphasize that you shouldn’t take CBD indiscriminately. You can consult a physician to get the right dosage and prescription for you.